If you are having troubles in your family and domestic relations, then the branch of law that deals with these issues is family law. Involved in this branch of law are issues like marriage, divorce, child abuse, property settlement, child support, and much more. In court, it is usually the court dockets on family courts that are the ones that are most crowded. A family law attorney or lawyer is the attorney that handles these types of cases. The most common cases that family law attorneys handle are legal separations and divorce. In this case, the family law attorney will try to divide marital property, decide the amount to be paid for alimony and child support, settle child custody issues and set visitation rights. In divorce and separation cases, both parties hire their own family law attorneys. The issues could be taken to court if the two parties cannot reach a settlement. When it is taken to court then the judge would issue the final orders.
If you are going to adopt a child, then it is best to seek the help of a family law attorney. There are steps involved in adoption in order to make it legal and it is only through the help of a family law attorney that couples can do it properly. Every jurisdiction will have their own adoption laws and some laws will depend on the age of the child. It is possible in some jurisdictions for birth parents to still have certain rights over a child yet is some others birth parents are completely stripped of their legal parental rights.
There are documents that family law attorneys can create so that future foreseen issues can be prevented. A family law attorney can prepare a document like a prenuptial agreement wherein the couple agrees on how to divide their assets if they were to divorce in the future. They can also create a post-nuptial agreement that does not only set forth how assets would be divided but also how child visitation, custody, and support should be arranged. If they have the expertise, they can set up a trust fund in the children’s or spouse’s name. There are situations when a family law attorney may have to handle criminal issues. Domestic violence and juvenile law are also specializations of some family law attorneys.
Family law attorneys can have their own office or they can also work in a law firm. You have to attend law school to become an attorney. Passing an exam is also a prerequisite to practicing law. Some of the ways you can gain experience in working as a family law attorney is to first work as a clerk or an intern in a law firm which specializes in family law.